Articolele abordează subiecte din domeniul arheologiei, istoriei și muzeologiei și se referă îndeosebi la regiunea Banatului istoric, iar unele abordează istoria României și istoria universală.
1 Ianuarie 2020
On this occasion we chose to publish some socketed axes, that were discovered in the Romanian Banat, but without
an archaeological context, pieces that can be included in that broader category of "isolated/singular" objects. For the
piece from Anina (Pl. I.1.) we did not find any satisfactory analogy in terms of shape and ornament taken together.
According to its general appearance, however, socketed axe is undoubtedly a product of the Late Bronze Age, and it
is not possible to specify exactly whether it can be dated to the Late Bronze Age II stage (Bz C/2D - early Ha A1
phase) or Late Bronze Age III (Ha A). A possible analogy for the socketed axe from Butin (Pl. I.2.) is a piece from
the hoard in Novi Bečej (Vojvodina, Serbia), but the edge is a bit wider, or a socketed axe from the hoard in Urovica
also in Serbia. Much closer in shape and ornament is a socketed axe from the Szentgáloskér hoard in southern
Hungary. Both hoards were dated to stage Ha A, so a late Bronze Age III. For the decoration on the socketed axe
from Carani (Pl. II.1.) we did not find any satisfactory analogy. However, it is certain that this piece is also a
product of the Late Bronze Age, without being able to make more precise chronological assessments. We thus
propose a broad classification: Late Bronze II (Bz C/2D - beginning of phase Ha A1) - Late Bronze III (Ha A). The
analogies for the socketed axe from Foeni (Pl. II.2.) are found mainly to the west of the Carpathian Basin and
chronologically cover the wide horizon of the Late Bronze Age II (Bz C/2D - early phase Ha A1) and Late Bronze
III (Ha A) periods, with a greater concentration in the so-called Kurd horizons after A. Mozsolics and Cincu-Suseni
after M. Rusu and M. Petrescu-Dâmbovița.