Maria Vertan

Organizarea administrativ-teritoriala a Banatului istoric in perioada 1716-1860 / Administrative-Territorial Organization of the Historical Province of Banat during 1716-1860

1 Ianuarie 2013

Cuvinte cheie:
comitatul Torontal
Caraş county
Timiş county
Torontal county



After the Austrian-Turkish war from 1716 – 1717, the Banat province became part of the Austrian Empire with the status of neoaquistic territory. After a few attempts of temporary administrative-territorial organization, during 1719 – 1720 the Banat province was organized in eleven districts, these being divided into circles (processus). Between 1766 – 1774 the Military Border from Banat was brought into being and comprised an important number of localities situated in the southern part of the province. ose localities had a special status being superintended by the personnel of the Austrian military units from the area. Between 1774 – 1775 the governor of Banat, Iosif Brigido, tried a reorganization of the province into four administrative circles, but this organization was annuled in 1778 after the annexation of Banat at the Hungarian Kingdom. Banat was now organized into three counties: Timiş, Caraş and Torontal. e counties were at their turn divided into smaller administrative units called processus/járás/plase. is organization lasted till the year 1850, when Banat entered under Austrian Imperial administration and was included into the new province called Serbian Vojvodina and Timisan Banat. e former counties from Banat turned into administrative circles which received the German name of “Kreise” and were divided into smaller units called “Beyirke”. e administrative circles (Kreise) from Banat were Timişoara, Lugoj and Becicherecu Mare. is administrative-territorial organization lasted till the abolishment of the Serbian Vojvodina and Timisan Banat province in 1860. In time, there was a territorial stability of the three counties of circles but the number of their subdivisions changed and as a consequence also the distribution of the localities within them changed from one stage at another.