Miodrag Ciuruşchin

Mişcarea naţională românească pentru unirea Banatului cu România (februarie–august 1919) / The National Romanian Movement for the Union of the Whole Banat with Romania (February–August 1919)

1 Ianuarie 2011

Cuvinte cheie:
protest meeting
people’s assembly
the undivided Banat



At the Peace Conference in Paris, the Romanian contingent fought for recognition of the union of Transylvania and undivided Banat with the Romanian Kingdom, with the support of French and Italian public opinion. Still, in February 1919, rumors were spread that the Banat region would be divided between Romania and Serbia. ] e Romanians revolted. So, in many rural and urban settlements from the Old Kingdom or from the Romanian provinces that were united with Romania in 1918, many protest demonstrations were organized against the intention of the Great Powers to divide Banat. The Cultural League and the Banat League organized meetings in Orăştie, Cernăuţi, Chişinău, Balţi, Kahul, Văleni-de-Munte, Ploieşti, Slatina, Bucureşti, Bârlad, Iaşi, Craiova, Turnu-Severin, Târgu-Jiu, Constanţa, Piatra-Neamţ, Sibiu, Baia Mare, Satu Mare, Beiuş, Gherla, Lugoj şi Timişoara and in many other places. At the people’s assemblies several resolutions were adopted in which they asked that the whole, undivided Banat become part of Romania. They were sent to the Romanian Government and to the Romanian contingent attending the Peace Conference in Paris with the purpose of demonstrating that the entire Romanian nation supported the head of the Romanian contingent, I.I.C. Brătianu, who requested that the entire undivided Banat became part of Great Romania, on 1st February 1919. The large number of protest movements, in which tens of thousands of citizens from all the Romanian counties participated, was impressive. They all fought for an undivided Banat and for union with the Romanian Kingdom. Yet, on 1st August 1919 ,,the ”Big Four” decided that the Banat region would be divided between Romania, Yugoslavia and Hungary. The Great People’s Assembly in Timişoara in August 10th 1919 and the People’s Assembly of Banat Swabians, on the same day marched to the highest point in the fight for the whole Banat, but the decision of the Great Powers remained unchanged, to the disappointment and grief of the entire Romanian nation. ] e greater national interests of Romania and Yugoslavia prevailed. They imposed the reconciliation and resumed their traditional relations of friendship and neighborliness in the year 1921 when the two countries became allies against their common enemies.