Adrian Magina

Notarii Caransebeşului în secolul al XVII-lea / Caransebeş Notaries in the Seventeenth Century

1 Ianuarie 2011

Cuvinte cheie:
writing practice



One of the most important medieval and pre-modern institutions was the notary. Its importance was a practical one, reflecting how the society reacts to the writing. With the widespread and more frequent custom of writing the notaries acquire new meanings and are institutionalized. In the Banat of Lugoj – Caransebes the institution of the notary is visible in documents from the XVI century. Intermittently at first, notaries are mentioned and will be a continuing and active presence throughout the seventeenth century. The practice and generalization of writing turned the notary into an indispensable official for Caransebeş town and Severin County authorities. In the seventeenth century most notaries were recruited from two small noble families of Caransebeş, Ivul and Bobic, for which the job offered the possibility of social advancement. The jurisdiction of these officials, which write exclusively in Hungarian, reached to real estate transactions, agreements between individuals and in relation to local authorities. Although very few documents issued directly by notaries have been preserved, we are able to provide data on their duties and social environment that they serve. The end of notary institution in the area must be linked to year 1658 when the towns of Mountain Banat were ceded to the Ottomans.