Articolele abordează subiecte din domeniul arheologiei, istoriei și muzeologiei și se referă îndeosebi la regiunea Banatului istoric, iar unele abordează istoria României și istoria universală.
1 Ianuarie 2011
Within the contents of this study we have focused on the analysis of clothing accessories and of finery found in
cremation as well as in inhumation graves as part of the cemeteries of whose biritual character we are certain
of. Due to the fact that the Berghin and Târnava cemeteries have not been published yet, the author will refer
to them only to the extent to which certain inventory items are mentioned in other studies. Even from the
beginning we have to mention the fact that these items are not of large number compared to the high number of
the graves discovered, firstly due to the large number of incineration graves which led to their demise through the
process of burning and secondly because of the shallowness of the graves which led to their obliteration due to
several agricultural or town planning work processes. As items of clothing accessories only different types of belt
buckles (round, rectangular, trapeze shaped, metal plate) and fibulas have been found. Items of finery have also
been found like belt ornaments (especially Avar cast ones), different types of earrings (simple, half moon shaped,
with a cluster made of metal grains, with a spiral shaped pendant, with a spheric pendant) bracelets, rings and
beads. A first conclusion can be drawn, in that there is a significant difference between the number of the graves
in which clothing accessories and those in which produced finery items – the latter are of a much larger number.
Furthermore, concerning the incineration and the inhumation types of graves one difference becomes obvious
and that is more clothing accessories have been found in cremation tombs than in those of inhumation, while
the finery were of a larger number in the inhumation tombs. These differences are caused by the larger number
of incineration tombs but also by the fact that a lot of items found in this type of graves have been destroyed
once the dead person was burnt on the funeral pyre. We must also mention the fact that the most of the latter
category of objects come from the Bratei cemetery, a fact that is not in the least surprising since this is the biggest
cemetery of this type which was published. We must also note the existence of only two graves, one of cremation
and another one of inhumation in which items of both categories can be found, namely beads and belt buckles.
In a series of inhumation graves earrings have been discovered in association with beads. Their discovery in both
types of graves, together with other items (especially ceramic material), but sustained by the intercalation of the
inhumation graves amongst those of cremation, prove that they coexisted in the same timespan and the biritual
character of these cemeteries. m e analogies with similar items from the Carpathic area but also with areas to the
East or to the South of the Carpathians support the dating of these cemeteries within the 7th and the 9th century.