Monica Mărgărit
Dragomir Nicolae Popovici

Production and Function of Barbed Points from the Gumelniţa Tell of Hârșova (Constanţa County) / Producţia și funcţia vârfurilor barbelate din așezarea Gumelniţa de la Hârșova (jud. Constanţa)

1 Ianuarie 2011

Cuvinte cheie:
operational sequence



For the Neo-Eneolithic of the Romanian territory, barbed points (harpoons) represent the type of artifact belonging to the osseous materials industry on which we have most information. Th e lot we had at our disposal for this study, coming from the settlement from Hârşova-tell, is made up of 19 harpoons (coming from the diggings of the period 1989–2008), made of Cervus elaphus antler. In this study we have tried to identify how the raw material was obtained, turned into finished pieces (processing techniques), the economy of these finished pieces (the ways how they were used and their role in the economy), and finally the eventual repairs of the fractured pieces and their reintegration in the economy of the community. We also provide a series of experimental and ethnographic examples, in order to illustrate that the general denomination of ‘harpoon’ is incorrect, when extended to designate all the points with barbs. Th e ethnographic comparisons, which at first seemed to offer a key to understanding how these weapons were used, in the end complicate the problem by demonstrating that prey can be hunted in different ways and that the same weapon can be used with different hunting methods.