The articles are of archaeological, historical and museological interest and are mainly related to the region of Banat, although some deal with Romanian and universal history as well
Jan. 22, 2024
Part of the Roman imperial road in west Dacia which tied the Danube to the northern border of the province,
the segment between Tibiscum and Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa secures passage from the Caransebeş and Haţeg
Depressions, passing the Iron Gate of Transylvania (usually said to be the ancient Tapae).
In the Roman Age this road was the most important highway for Dacia, connecting the main military, administrative
and economic centers north of the Danube (such as Sarmizegetusa, Apulum, Napoca and Porolissum) and the
southern ones (such as Sirmium, Singidunum and Viminacium).
Presently, the situation with the segment between Tibiscum and Sarmizegetusa (as well as of a large part of the road
network of Dacia) may be said to be paradoxical. Although the information found in Tabula Peutingeriana is, to a
large degree, in agreement with the archaeological data, and the area where the road should be identified is rather
well established, there are very few places where the road was precisely charted.
To improve the state of research a series of fieldwalkings were carried out to gather additional data on the Roman
imperial road between Tibiscum and Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa. According to the Tabula Peutingeriana, the section
between Tibiscum and Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa was made up of 3 segments of a total length of 37 Roman
miles (54.75 km). The first segment between Tivisco and Agnavie was XIIII MP long (20.70 km), the second
between Agnavie and Ponte Augusti VIII MP (11.82 km) long and the last between Ponte Augusti and Sarmategte
XV MP (22.17 km) long. Fieldwalking focused on the Obreja vilagge to the west and Oţelul Roşu town to the
east, this area belonging in all likelihood to the first segment mentioned in Tabula Peutingeriana between Tivisco
and Agnavie. Three segments of a road laid on an embankment of clay and paved with sand, gravel and cobblestone
were identified during these investigations. Field data shows that the materials were selected according to size.
Data obtained from fieldwalking provided the premises to argue that the three segments of stone road identified
between Obreja and Oţelul Roşu belong to the Roman imperial road from Tibiscum to Sarmizegetusa. In order to
have more certainty excavations must be carried out to provide precise data in respect of the building technique
and chronology of this structure.