The articles are of archaeological, historical and museological interest and are mainly related to the region of Banat, although some deal with Romanian and universal history as well
Jan. 1, 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the development of the November 1919 parliamentary elections in the
districts of Caraş-Severin County.
After the withdrawal of Serbian and French troops from the Banat and the establishment of the Romanian
administration, two counties were set-up in the Banat area allocated to Romania after the Paris Peace Conference,
namely Caraş-Severin and Timiş-Torontal.
Caraş-Severin County had its capital in Lugoj and included most of the former Hungarian county with the
According to the decisions of the National Assembly of Alba Iulia from 1 December 1918, the new county
administration was subordinated to the Governing Council based in Sibiu at that time.
Both the domestic and international public observed the elections closely, which were announced at the
beginning of 1919. These were the first parliamentary elections in Great Romania.
This study describes the new election law: the organization of electoral districts on the territory of the mentioned
county; the disputes between the political parties that occurred during the preparation of the candidates lists for
the Chamber of Deputies and Senate, the activity of the political parties based in this county; and the electoral
tours of candidates in the districts’ villages and cities.
The study highlights that these elections were conducted during a state of siege and censorship, which
represented a form of political aggression and a way to influence the electorate. Censorship was aimed mainly
at the publications of opposition parties and independent publications, but also some electoral propaganda
materials: brochures, leaflets, posters, flyers, etc., which played an important role in this electoral campaign.
Thus, at that time, the Lugoj newspaper Drapelul (the Flag) that appeared since the beginning of the century
was considered one of the most important publications of the Romanian National Party. The most important
publications of the opposition parties were Timişana and Banatul Românesc.
Considering that the Romanian National Party was presented in the election campaign with a historical past and
showing many times that it is the representative of the Romanian people from Transylvania and Banat, enjoying
popularity among electors, and being supported by authorities through the mass-media that spread its electoral
program, the party’s success in the 1919 elections in the districts of Caraş-Severin County seems only natural
the study concludes with a listing of the names of deputies and senators from Caraş-Severin that will be part
of united Romania’s first parliament.