The articles are of archaeological, historical and museological interest and are mainly related to the region of Banat, although some deal with Romanian and universal history as well
Jan. 1, 2011
Great events often cause brutal confrontation within history and biography that always create tension – at least in
modern history – a memorialistic wave. As such, the quantity of Banat library memoirs about World War I and
pro-union action in the province is not surprising.
These include numerous passages concerning the entry and presence of Serb forces in the Banat. This occurred
in the eastern and central part of Banat, an area with an absolute majority of Romanian inhabitants. The references
are more valuable the less they are about these events in our historiography.
In this study, things are searching in one hand. However this stage is essential knowledge that will be much
improved when linked with memorialistic Serbian and Swabian sources.
Almost all the Romanian memorialistic text mentions the fall of 1918 and the behaviour of the Serbs during the
withdrawal. Fortunately, in the ’30s of the last century, Professor Ilieşiu from Timişoara, produced a questionnaire
containing some questions about this episode. This questionnaire was distributed to all villages of Banat, large
and small. The answers – with few exceptions – highlight a negative image, the brutal behaviour of the troops, a
chain of abuse and the suspicion that the Romanian troops were not going –despite their temporary mandate-to
leave the province. The picture of the Serbian army is that of an oriental horde, no supply lines and generally no
modern military mores. It unscrupulously consumes the resources of the local people. The soldiers are primitive
and unruly drunks-.
The only sympathetic figures are the Romanian soldiers from Timoc, who attempt to defend the people. They
notify communities about the reprisals against them, and do translation service for Romanians. Their solidarity
remains to be studied in its own right
The arrival of Serbs with the mission to maintain order, found the Banat pacified. The Romanian National
Council and National Guards pacified the region and began introducing Romanian government. Much more than
that, under the armistice agreement in Belgrade in November 1918, the Serbian military presence does not remove
but maintains the old Hungarian administration system, seen here as representing the foreign and Hungarian.
their return was seen as a restoration. The Serbs gave signs that they wished to maintain the occupation until
annexation of the entire Banat in Serbia. Toward this end they stopped the delegation to Alba-Iulia. All this led
to the beginning of resistance. In some parts-Naidăş for example- detachments moved to armed struggle. In other
regions, Romanians returning from the front, engaged in open battle and defeated the Serb units. Volunteers from
the Old Kingdom -were sent on special missions in the Banat to report to Romanian Headquarters on the situation
and to prepare the people for possible resistance. It was not necessary. b e Serbs finally withdrew but not before
looting everything from the industrial products to herds of cattle. But military conflict was avoided. Eventually
a border was established between Serbia and Romania that would be the most stable of all that were fixed in the
peace treaties of Versailles, a sign that balance and intelligence had prevailed.