Georgeta El Susi

Faunal Remains from the Ottoman Period (16th Century AD) at Pancota-Turkish Fortress (Arad County)

Jan. 1, 2013

cattle breeding
age profiles
animal management
Ottoman period



is paper deals with the archaeozoological material from the point “Turkish Fortress” near Pâncota locality, Arad County. e faunal sample is not very rich in taxa compared to its size (about 3,500 fragments). Seeing the type of the site, monastery or what the Turks rearranged, the situation seems normal. Overall, fourteen species identified, of which three from poultry (goose, hen, duck), six are domestic mammals (cattle, sheep, goat, pig, horse, cat) and five are wild mammals (red deer, wild boar, roe deer, hare and a rodent, perhaps rat). Both presence and amount of swine among household waste from the Ottoman period is surprising since its consumption had been banned by Muslim communities.. As a matter of course, the faunal information corroborated by the archaeological information should clarify this issue in the future. For the moment the sample from Pâncota put forward some new information on species exploited in the Ottoman period, waist and body conformation, without the pretence to exhaust the subject.