The articles are of archaeological, historical and museological interest and are mainly related to the region of Banat, although some deal with Romanian and universal history as well
Jan. 1, 2013
e paper focuses on the many problems occurring while analysing mortuary discoveries, emphasizing and
reviewing the main aspects that should be taken into consideration while dealing with such material. Right from
the start we would like to stress that such an approach is strictly conditioned by a thorough excavation technique
and documentation in order to produce enough data to study how ancient communities conceptualized death.
e orientation of the tomb can offer us a great deal of information following the idea that no such action
was in fact random. We can then suppose that the orientation of the tombs was performed according to inner
cosmologies and rules of each structured community being thus the result of a conscious and self-assumed way of
thinking. Following this idea and based on the hypothesis that some religious cardinal points should exist in every
community whether they refer to geographical, religious or cultural aspects we tried to establish the “seasons of
death” in two Gepidic necropolises – Vlaha (Cluj County) and Fântânele (Bistriţa-Năsăud County) – based on the
slight deviations of the axis of the tombs.