The articles are of archaeological, historical and museological interest and are mainly related to the region of Banat, although some deal with Romanian and universal history as well
Jan. 1, 2020
Mindszenthy Antal (1786–1859?) was a Hungarian erudite who travelled across Europe and Hungary, leaving
behind a diary about his trip across the Hungarian Plane. The first part of his descriptions was published in
1831 and 1832, but due to the censorship of the period, the second part of his manuscript, the description of
his trip from Titel to Pest, was not allowed to be printed. The diary of Mindszenthy is kept in the Széchenyi
National Library from Budapest, Hungary and was entirely published recently by the Katona József Museum from
Kecskemét. Due to the fact that the travel route included regions of Banat that are to be found today within the
borders of Romania, one of the stops being the center of the region, namely Timișoara, we thought it would be
of great interest to publish the description of the city, both in Hungarian language and translated into Romanian.
Timișoara has underwent several reconstructions through the centuries (and it witnessed three major sieges in
1551/1552, 1718 and 1849), consequently the major part of it’s architectural heritage dates from the end of the
19th century, but especialy from the beginning of the following century. Such narrations from eye whitnesses are
very scarce in the first part of the 19th century, a period when illustrations are as well extremely rare. A local priest,
Nicolae Stoica de Haţeg has written his chronicle about the region of Banat a few years after Mindszenthy, between
1825–1827. Apparently for both of them the work of Francesco Griselini stood as a modell.
The original text has been adnoted with comments and interpretations of the authors in order to establish the
veridicity of the descriptions of the diary and to provide further information regarding the subject of the account.
Since the diary did not included any illustration, for a better understanding we completed it with several images
representing either the city plan or buildings, mainly dating from the 19th century or earlier, trying to illustrate
the descriptions as faithfully as possible.
The text also offered the authors the opportunity to discuss about some historical relics it refers to: an ottoman
inscription that was inaccurately translated until now, the Horros Kapi (Rooster or later Forforosa Gate) of the
Ottoman fortification of Timișoara and a presumably medieval flag kept in the artillery warehouse.